The fishing guide for beginners of Absolute

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Fishing may seem complicated for first-time fishermen, but that is not the case. With only a little equipment, a fishing license and the information in this guide, you can get on the water and try to catch some fish this weekend.

This guide specifically covers spin fishing, which uses a rod with a spinning reel and attracts the fish with a live bait. For new fishermen, it is one of the easiest ways to go abroad with minimal investment, but fly fishing, saltwater fishing, ice fishing and other types of gear fishing using different reels are all the options that may interest you in the future.

The basics

(mel-nik / iStock)

Obtain a license

Before leaving, make sure you have a current fishing license for the state in which you will fish. The licenses are sold online or in fishing stores and, occasionally, in convenience stores. The price of a daily license is usually quite cheap (less than $ 20), but the exact price depends on the state and your residence, since fishing licenses cost more for non-residents. But annual licenses are a better investment for your money, it usually costs between $ 30 and $ 150. If nothing disastrous happens the first time (do not worry, chances are low), you may even want to do it again .

Where should I go?

It is always better to talk to a real person about where to fish, since they are likely to have the most up-to-date and complete information about local water. In case of trouble, a collaborative fishing application such as Fishbrain or FishAngler, which has more data, provides good information about local places. In general, lakes are an excellent choice when you first start, since they usually have a bank or dock to fish and often have a larger volume of hungry fish than you would find in a river. Lake fishing mainly involves species such as sea bass, panfish or rainbow trout, while rivers are fished almost exclusively for salmon or trout species, such as the rainbow, the killer or brown trout, among others.


It is important to learn early the good fishing etiquette: be respectful of other fishermen, the fish you fish and the environment in which you find yourself. Do not go near a place where someone else is fishing: I like to give other fishermen no less than 50 to 60 feet in the busiest water and more than a couple of hundred yards if there are not many people around. Do not keep more fish than you can eat, and always respect the ethics of not leaving a trace. Make sure you know if the water section you are in is of capture and discharge, limited to artificial lures (not live bait), or just fly fishing. You can not always have a sign to tell you this information, so check the local regulations book or the website of your state's forestry department for information and updates on closures.


(Roman Novitskii / iStock)

A reel and spinning bar combo is your best bet as a beginner. "Combo" is the keyword here: it indicates that the reel and the bar are sold together, which usually means that they are easier to install. Here is a great video that describes the basic parts of a spinning reel. An employee at your local rig shop can point you in the right direction in terms of a good beginner bar that meets your particular needs.

Lures and bait will be your next step after a rod and a reel. Live worms or PowerBait, a material similar to a scented putty that forms around a naked fishhook, are good starting points, while lures, which are lures designed to attract the attention of a fish, are another effective option. Once you feel comfortable using the bait. You will also need some bobbers, which are small floating balls that sink or swing when something hits your lure, which indicates that you have a fish. A rubber net (which is easier on the skin of a fish than nylon ropes or nets), needle-nose pliers to retrieve baits from the inside of the fish's mouth, and a small tackle box to store all your baits and baits in one place. It is also useful.

Like any outdoor activity, your fishing needs will only continue to expand as you gain more experience; You probably want to upgrade your equipment after a few months, while booties and boots could also be added to your kit in the future.

Useful skills


Below are some basic knots you should know to start. As your fishing skills advance, a book of common fishing knots will be a good resource to have on hand.

The clinch knot

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The most important knot in fishing is the improved closing knot. This knot links your hook or lure to your line. Once you've nailed this, you're ready to start.

The dovecote knot

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This knot is another option to connect your hook to your line. It is known for its strength and ease of tying.

The knot of the double surgeon

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A double surgeon's knot is used to connect two line pieces. This could be used if you get hookedwhen your lure is trapped in a log or a rock and the line breaks, and you need to create more line before placing the hook.

Reading water

It is useful to know where fish can be hidden to better guide them; in other words, "read the water". In lakes, fish often hang out in or around weeds and fallen trees near the coast. They could also congregate near the descent; For this reason, some lakes are easier to fish if you have access to a canoe or kayak. Similar tactics are applied to rivers, where you want to look for places that can provide good coverage, for example, fishing sites or banks that stand out, since the main objective of a fish, beyond finding food, is to hide from predators .

Catching your first fish

(Kelsey Lindsey)


Launching a spinning reel is as simple and intuitive as finishing and throwing your decoy as much as you can, like throwing a baseball. Start with approximately six inches of line at the end of your rod, with the reel under your dominant hand. A spinning reel uses a bail (a thin wire arm) to prevent the line from leaving the spool. To throw, you must turn this bail, hold the line with your finger, bring the tip of the rod up and slightly behind you (think of the movement you would use to pick up a phone) and throw forward using Your wrist and your elbow . When your rod is vertical or only slightly forward from the vertical, release the line to send your lure flying. Once your lure is in the water, turn the bail and begin to wobble.



When hooking a fish, there are two things you want to avoid: the fish "spits out" its lure, or its line breaking under the weight and power of the fish.

To prevent these two things from happening, you must "properly" place the hook in the mouth of the fish once you have bitten your lure or bait. This means placing it at the right time and with the right pressure: when you see your bobber sinking or moving, point the tip of the rod up and pull back with moderate pressure to keep the bait in the mouth of the fish without tear no part of your lip. Good timing here will ensure that the bait is firmly placed on the lip instead of deeper in the mouth. Once you have a suitable hook, you should concentrate on keeping the tip of your rod while "playing" the fish, allowing the fish to get tired while trying to keep it in line. Putting the fish immediately after hooking will often result in it breaking, since the power and weight of the fish may be greater than the strength of the line. When you exhaust it, you will have the advantage and you can finally roll up the fish.

Some additional tips: Always maintain your "slack" (ie, make sure your line is tight) and familiarize yourself with your reel's drag system. All rods have a drag disk that affects the way your reel will handle fish of different sizes and strengths; You need less drag if you expect to catch small fish, while you may need more drag (and a larger reel) if you are chasing bigger or stronger species.

40-49 years
(Axel Brunst / Tandem)


You have managed to hook, play and roll the fish, and now you are near the shore. A network will give you a great advantage here. Once you move the fish to the length of one arm of your feet, use the net to lift it, making sure it does not fall on the shore or rocks. To further minimize the damage after landing a fish, do not squeeze the stomach or touch the gills when handling it, and try not to keep it out of the water longer than it can hold your breath, if you intend to release it.

Other valuable resources

To continue improving your fishing skills set, it is useful to do some research and go out to the water with more experienced fishermen. Here are some other resources that will help you move forward:

  1. Hiring a guide once you feel more comfortable for fishing will dramatically help your progression. The guides have extensive knowledge of local rivers and lakes and can also offer a more localized lesson on water reading, lure selection and finding new areas to fish.
  2. Local fishing organizations or even the forestry department of your state are also excellent resources. Local organizations often offer fishing clinics, while most states do fishing trips, free fishing days (no license required) and other events that will help you connect with local fishermen.
  3. YouTube will be your best friend as a beginner. Whether you're learning to tie knots, throw or assemble your stick, watching a five-minute video is often the fastest and most effective way to get new information.

While it may be intimidating at first, fishing can be one of the simplest outdoor hobbies to learn. Capturing your first fish is as easy as finding a lake, doing some research, investing in some basic equipment and launching a line.


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